Processes scope and visibility

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Revision as of 09:19, 4 September 2006 by Hvdkamer (talk | contribs) ("Poor man's vzps in bash")
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This HOWTO shows how OpenVZ hardware node administrator can see a processes belonging to the host system only, or to a particular VE.


From VE0 one can see all the processes running on the system; that includes all the processes of all VEs and the processes of the host system itself. Sometimes you just want to see the processes from the host system only. Sometimes you just want to see the processes from a particular VE.

There are many ways to achieve it.


"Poor man's vzps in bash"

Use the following script by aistis, modified by kir.

First argument is VE ID (0 for the host system), all the remaining arguments are passed to ps(1) utility.

# Usage: ./ovzps VEID [ps flags ...]

function find_ve_pids(){
       local pid
       local myveid=$1
       local vepids=

       for pid in $ALLPIDS; do
               [ -f /proc/$pid/status ] || continue
               veid=`grep envID /proc/$pid/status | awk -F: '{print $2}'`
               if [ ${veid} = ${myveid} ]; then
                       vepids="$vepids $pid"
       echo "$vepids"

ALLPIDS=`ps -A -o pid --no-headers`
VEPIDS=`find_ve_pids $1`

if [ -n "${VEPIDS}" ]; then
        ps $* -p $VEPIDS
        exit 0

Use vzprocps tools

Take vzprocps tools from These are usual ps and top utilities (named vztop and vzps to not conflict with the standard ones) with an -E option added. You can use -E VEID option to limit the output to the selected VEID (use 0 for the host system), or just -E without an argument to just add VEID column to output.

See also