NX inside VE
You can run full graphical remote desktop inside container using NX technology. This is handy for when you work from home and you wish to run a web browser on your work's internal network to access local resources. You can use NX client to connect to remote NX server.
x2go is a related project that uses a fork of the NX3 GPL'ed libraries and works fairly well and doesn't have the limitations that the free (gratis) version of NX from NoMachine has. x2goserver and x2goclient packages are available as stock packages in several distros including Fedora 19 and 20, as well as being available for RHEL6/clones via the EPEL repository. If you can't find x2go packages in your distro's stock repository, check the x2go website for packages. x2go is actually easier to setup. Just install the desired GUI desktop inside of your container, install x2goserver, enable the x2gocleansessions service, make sure sshd is enabled... and connect as a user account over ssh via the x2goclient from the desired remote machine making sure to select the appropriate settings in the client.
- Use fedora template to create new container and install desktop of your choice:
yum groupinstall "GNOME Desktop Environment"
yum groupinstall "KDE (K Desktop Environment)"
yum groupinstall "XFCE"
- You may need to install additional package audiofile:
yum install audiofile
- Download installation RPM packages for server from site www.nomachine.com. Choose right architecture i386 or x86_64.
wget http://22.214.171.124/download/3.4.0/Linux/nxclient-3.4.0-5.i386.rpm wget http://126.96.36.199/download/3.4.0/Linux/nxnode-3.4.0-6.i386.rpm wget http://188.8.131.52/download/3.4.0/Linux/FE/nxserver-3.4.0-8.i386.rpm
- Do simple manual installation of RPM packages.
rpm -ivh nxclient-3.4.0-5.i386.rpm rpm -ivh nxnode-3.4.0-6.i386.rpm rpm -ivh nxserver-3.4.0-8.i386.rpm
- Done. You can now connect from NX client to your server.
Create a new container using the gutsy template. Edit /etc/apt/sources.list and enable the "multiverse" repository. Install X and XDM
apt-get install xorg xdm
Then add this 3rd party repo to sources.list. (Warning: the datakeylive.com repository below is obsolete! No ubuntu repository offers freenx at the moment)
http://www.datakeylive.com/ubuntu gutsy main
http://www.datakeylive.com/ubuntu gutsy main
Install the repo keys and update:
http://www.datakeylive.com/ubuntu/dists/gutsy/wjeremy.key -O - | apt-key add -
http://www.datakeylive.com/ubuntu/dists/gutsy/alivesoftware.key -O - | apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update Install FreeNX (*)
apt-get install expect openssh-server tcl8.4 libxcomp2 libxcompext2 libxcompshad nxlibs nxagent nxproxy nxclient freenx openssl
For Ubuntu 8.04 :
apt-get install expect openssh-server tcl8.4 libxcomp3 libxcompext3 libxcompshad nxlibs nxagent nxproxy nxclient freenx-server openssl
Finally install XFCE
apt-get install xfce4
In /etc/X11/xdm/xdm-config, comment out the line where it says DisplayManager.requestPort: 0
In /etc/X11/xdm/Xservers, comment out the line :0 local /usr/bin/X :0 vt7 (this starts a local X server, which will fail)
In /etc/X11/xdm/Xaccess, uncomment the line with * #any host can get a login window (Please keep in mind the security implications by the above line. Read the comments found in the file and set it appropriately)
Configure NX Server
Edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf. Ensure that the files section looks similar to this:
Section "Files" # path to defoma fonts FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/X11/misc" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi/:unscaled" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi/:unscaled" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/X11/Type1" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi" FontPath "/usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi" EndSection
Now create a local user account:
useradd -m <username>
Now add this user to nxserver:
nxserver --adduser <username>
Configure NX client
Setup the Host/Port. In the desktop section select Unix and Custom. In Settings, select "Run the default X client script on server" and select "New virtual Desktop".
Now try to connect. You should get the XFCE desktop.
Thanks to dantalizing for the feedback.
(*) If you get any errors like:
dpkg: error processing /var/cache/apt/archives/libxcomp3_3.1.0-6-2_i386.deb (--unpack): trying to overwrite `/usr/lib/libXcomp.so.3.1.0', which is also in package libxcomp2
while installing the libxcomp package, just force-install the libxcomp package:
# cd /var/cache/apt/archives # dpkg --force-all -i libxcomp3_3.1.0-6-2_i386.deb # apt-get -f install
You can't print from VE to client PC easily because printing in NX is realized via samba-mount of shared client's printer and CIFS isn't virtualized yet.